Interesting Facts About Bay Of Bengal

Interesting Facts About Bay Of Bengal
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bay of bengal photo• The Bay of Bengal was formed approximately 10 million years ago by the northward movement of the tectonic plate carrying the Indian subcontinent towards Asia.

• It forms the North-Eastern part of the Indian Ocean.
• It is the largest bay in the world occupying an area of 21,72,000 square kilometers.
• The bay is about 1,000 miles (1,600 km) wide. It has an average depth of more than 8,500 feet (2,600 metres). The maximum depth is 15,400 feet (4,694 metres).
• It has various names; “Mahodadhi” which means Great water receptacle, “Vangopasagara” which means Bengal’s bay, “Vangasagara” which means Bengal’s sea and “Purvapayoda” which means Eastern Ocean. It was also called as “Kalinga Sagar” in the pre- British era.
• It is triangular in shape and is bordered by India and Sri Lanka in the West, Bangladesh in the North and Myanmar and Andaman and Nicobar islands to the East.
• A number of large rivers – the Ganges and its distributaries such as Padma and Hooghly, the Brahmaputra and its distributaries such as Jamuna, Meghna, Irrawaddy River, Godavari, Mahanadi, Krishna and Kaveri – flow into the Bay of Bengal.
• Bay of Bengal consists of some of the largest ports in the world which include Chennai, Visakhapatnam, Kolkata of India and Chittagong of Bangladesh.
• The other ports include Kakinada, Pondicherry, Paradip and Yongon.
• At one point, The Bay of Bengal used to be deeper than Marina Trench, which is the deepest point in the world.
• Due to high TOC (Total organic carbon) in the depths of Bay of Bengal, the area is rich in oil and natural gas and other resources.
• The shortest river to flow in to The Bay of Bengal is Cooum River which measures 64kms.
• The Sunderbans, which borders Bay of Bengal is the largest mangrove in the world.
• The Bay of Bengal has rich biological diversity. It is one of the World’s 64 largest marine ecosystems.
• It is home to some of the most endangered species in the world such as the Olive Ridley turtles, yellow fin Tuna, Bryde’s whale, humpback dolphin and many other species.
• More than six million tonnes of fish are caught every year in the Bay of Bengal which is more than seven percent of the world’s produce.
• Around 31% of the fishermen of the world, live and work on the Bay of Bengal.
• Rajendra Chola 1 of the Chola dynasty occupied the Western coast of Bay of Bengal in 1014 AD. It was also called as Chola lake in those times. Subsequently great rules Like Chandragupta Maurya and Kushanas had occupied parts of Bay of Bengal due to its strategic position which enables sea trading.
• The present Shankracharya of Puri started the daily tradition of Samudra arati to honour the sacred sea.
• The Jagannath Temple at Puri which lies on the banks of Bay of Bengal is the one of the four sacred places in Hindu pilgrimage.

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